Air Force Begins Massive B- 1. B Overhaul – Defensetech. The Air Force is in the early phases of a multi- year technological overhaul and upgrade of its B1- B Lancer long- range bomber fleet which will outfit all 6. Called Integrated Battle Station, or IBS, the upgrades consist of three separate efforts to install new displays, integrated data links and diagnostic technologies. The service began fielding the first production IBS aircraft in November of last year and plans to finish the entire fleet by 2. This modernization is the most significant upgrade to the B- 1 since initial production,â€ said Maj.
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Mick Szczukowski, program element monitor, Air Force acquisition. Concurrent procurement and installation of all three upgrades reduces installation costs, reduces aircraft downtime, and keeps fielded aircraft configurations to a minimum for aircrew training, maintenance, and operational deployment efficiencies.â€The upgrades are intended to preserve the service- life of the 1. B- 1 aircraft through 2. After being built in the 1.
B1- B Lancer has dropped weapons in a wide range of conflicts. After first serving in Operation Desert Fox over Iraq in 1. Operation Allied Force over Kosovo, served in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and flown missions over Libya in 2. During the first six months of Operation Enduring Freedom, eight B- 1s dropped nearly 4.
Air Force officials said. This included roughly 3,9. Joint Direct Attack Munitions, called JDAMs. The aircraft is 3.
Yeah the regional bomber concept was very promising. And would have added a wonderfully useful capability to the arsenal for the modern battlefield. And the addition of the advanced air to air capability would have been great. Federal Human Resources Office (J1/Manpower & Personnel) The Federal Human Resources Office (J1/Manpower & Personnel Directorate) provides personnel support services for the Air National Guard and the Army National Guard. This. The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories.
The B- 1 weighs roughly 1. Its four General Electric turbofan engines each generate 3. Air Force officials said. One analyst said the B- 1 has considerably evolved its mission scope since its inception in the 1.
This was originally a nuclear- bomber plane and they have had to do a lot to make it capable as a conventional plane. It was absent from the first Gulf War and then became more adaptive and multi- role,â€ said Richard Aboulafia, vice- president of analysis at the Teal Group, a Va.- based consultancy. A key element of the upgrades are what the Air Force calls vertical situation display upgrade or VDSU, an effort to replace existing flight instruments with 8- by- 6- inch multifunction color displays at each pilot station, Szczukowski added. In addition, the VDSU adds a second display at each pilot station to better enable pilots to avoid threats and strike emerging targets while functioning as a back- up display, he said. The second piece of the upgrade includes fully integrated data link, or FIDL.
FIDL provides ethernet to transmit flight and weapon data among aircrew stations and to other off- board receivers via line- of- sight and beyond- line- of- sight networks, Szczukowski said.â€œIt adds the capability to share information with command- and- control organizations and other air, land, and sea assets in the battle space,â€ he said. The IBS technologies are developed by Boeing and handed over to the Air Force for installation on the airframes at a Boeing facility called the Oklahoma City Maintenance Repair and Overhaul Technology Center.â€œBefore there was a monochrome monitor and there was also an old analogue tape which monitored airspeed and vertical velocity. Now there are two advanced liquid crystal displays,â€ said Dan Ruder, B- 1 advanced program, Boeing. This provides new primary flight displays in color. FIDL also replaces monochromatic displays at the rear cockpit crew stations with color multifunctional displays, a streamlining move which will help the crew with weapons assignment and delivery.
In addition, this will allow the crew to perform rapid airborne retargeting missions using machine- to- machine data transfers, he added. FIDL also inculdes a beyond- line- of- sight data link integrating with the B- 1 avionics system. This enables a ground commander to task a B- 1 well outside of the battlespace, Air Force officials said. At the same time, command and control far removed from the battlespace can task or re- task a B- 1 that is en- route or already in the battlespace.
The third piece of the IBS upgrade is the addition of memory capacity to the diagnostics data base, Szczukowski explained. The Air Force lists the price of a B1- B Lancer at $2.
IBS upgrades will cost $9. In addition to IBS, the Air Force is also pursuing a handful of additional upgrades to the B- 1 bomber to include improvements to its navigation system. Beginning last year, the Air Force began fielding a program called inertial navigation system replacement, or INSR, which improves navigation by replacing two spinning mass gyroscopic inertial navigation system with ring laser gyroscopic systems and a new GPS antenna, Szczukowski added. The INSR program will cost $8. The Air Force has also begun fielding new radar technology for the B- 1, replacing the APQ- 1. B- 1 in 2. 5 years. The effort, which began fielding in 2.
The B- 1 is also slated to receive a new attitude indicator, an instrument which provides angle of the aircraft, airspeed and altitude information to the crew. The new system, to field by 2. Aboulafia said the B- 1 upgrades represent an Air Force effort to expand the mission possibilities for the aircraft.â€œThereâ€™s so much that needs to be done.
It was designed with a long- range capability and supersonic air speed. The B- 1 is best described as a work in progress. It has needed to become a multi- role bomber capable of surviving in more advanced threat environments,â€ he said.
Vietnam War United States Air Force History. Vietnam War Air Force History. Volumes. 5,2. 70 pages of United States Air Force history, in 2. Some of these titles were produced from formally classified manuscripts.
Official history compiled by United States Air Force historians. Some of these volumes can be difficult to find, because they were printed in limited quantities, and intended for a specialized audience. Maps, charts, and photos are used to help document the United States Air Force's role in the Vietnam War. Among the volumes: THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA; ACES AND AERIAL VICTORIES, 1. Aces and Aerial Victories is a collection of firsthand accounts by Air Force fighter crews who flew combat missions over North Vietnam between 1. They recall their air battles with MIG fighters, the difficult and dangerous tactical maneuvers they had to perform to survive, and their victories and defeats. The narratives are taken directly from aircrew after- action reports.
A number of direct quotations have been altered, but only to clarify for the reader the very specialized language of their profession (e. During the war in Southeast Asia, U. S. Air Force fighter pilots and crewmen were repeatedly challenged by enemy MIG's in the skies over North Vietnam. The air battles which ensued were unique in American history because U. S. fighter and strike forces operated under stringent rules of engagement. With periodic exceptions, for example, MIG bases could not be struck.
The rules generally forbade bombing or strafing of military and industrial targets in and around the enemy's heartland, encompassing the capital of Hanoi and the port city of Haiphong. These restrictions gave the North Vietnamese substantial military advantage. Free from American attack and helped by its Soviet and Chinese allies, the enemy was able to construct one of the most formidable anti- aircraft defenses the world has even seen. It included MIG forces, surface- to- air missile (SAM) batteries, heavy concentrations of antiaircraft artillery (AAA) units, and an array of early warning radar systems. These elements sought to interdict and defeat the U. S. bombing campaign against North Vietnam's lines of communication and its military and industrial base.
The primary mission of U. S. fighter pilots was to prevent the North Vietnamese MIG's from interfering with U. S. strike operations.
This book tells how American airmen- assisted by an armada of other USAF aircraft whose crews refueled their planes, warned of approaching enemy MIG's and SAM'S, and flew rescue missions when they were shot down, managed to emerge from their aerial battles with both victories and honor." - JOHN W. HUSTON, Major General, USAF Office of Air Force History.
THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: THE ADVISORY YEARS TO 1. This volume tells the story of the Air Force's involvement in the region from the end of the second World War, until the major infusion of American troops into Vietnam in 1. During these years, and most noticeably after 1. Air Force's principal role in Southeast Asia was to advise the Vietnamese Air Force in its struggle against insurgents seeking the collapse of the Saigon government. This story includes some issues of universal applicability to the Air Force: the role of air power in an insurgency, the most effective way to advise a foreign ally, and how to coordinate with other American agencies (both military and civilian) which are doing the same thing. It also deals with issues unique to the Vietnamese conflict: how to coordinate a centralized, technological modern airforce with a feudal, decentralized, indigenous one without overwhelming it, and how best to adapt fighter, reconnaissance, airlift, and liaison planes to a jungle environment.
USAF SOUTHEAST ASIA MONOGRAPH SERIES VOLUME VII: AIR FORCE HEROES IN VIETNAM. This volume tells the story of 1. Congressional medal of honor.
Three of the men died in action for which he were cited. AIR BASE DEFENSE IN THE REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM 1. This volume explores the unique problem of defending air bases during the Vietnam War. It centers on the primary efforts of the United States Air Force and allied air units to defend 1.
Republic of Vietnam. Bien Hoa, on 1 November 1. January 1. 97. 3, these bases suffered a total of 4.
Although there were initial deficiencies in staff support for base defense in such key areas as intelligence, motor vehicles, weapons procurement and maintenance, communications, and civil engineering, significant improvements had been made by the end of the Air Force's part in the Vietnam War. The author, Lt. Col. Roger P. Fox, USAF (Ret.), wrote this volume while assigned to the Office of Air Force History. He brings judgments to his research based on his personal experience as a base security officer during the conflict. Thus, early on the morning of 4 December 1. Air Force and South Vietnamese security forces to repel an enemy attempt to penetrate Tan Son Nhut Air Base, the center of Air Force operations in South Vietnam.
For his gallantry in action on this occasion, he was awarded the Silver Star. This personal experience formed a foundation upon which he developed a keen insight into exploring the entire spectrum of air base defense, and upon which he has built a strong case for testing future plans and operations. THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA: CIVIC ACTIONCapt. Betty L. Barton Christiansen, a member of the staff in the Office of Air Force History, researched and wrote this volume. She begins by establishing a framework of the civic action concept. Chapter II discusses the period corresponding to the Kennedy administration, when both government and military officials grappled with adjusting to a "new kind of war," the origins of counterinsurgency strategy (of which civic action was a part), and the efforts to apply this strategy in Vietnam. The nation- building period discussed in Chapter III, covers the period from November 1.
July 1. 96. 5, a time of great instability in South Vietnam, and the myriad efforts by the USAF to establish unity. Although he had promised to continue the policies of President Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson began to "lean away" from political and other non- military solutions to the crisis in Vietnam.
This was reflected in the attitudes of the various services toward unconventional warfare and civic action. By 1. 96. 6, while military solutions occupied center stage, some stability had been established in Vietnam. More attention was being paid to winning popular allegiance and USAF's Seventh Air Force formally organized its civic action activities. However, just as the program showed signs of success, the Tet offensive intervened. Thus, Chapter V demonstrates that instead of serving as advisers to the Vietnamese, the USAF civic action effort was compelled to revert to an earlier phase of its development, when humanitarian services were emphasized.
Still, the program recuperated completely by July 1. In Chapter VI, the South Vietnamese government embarked on an accelerated pacification program to extend its control throughout the country. Civic action constituted one part of this effort. Seventh Air Force sought to improve training civic action personnel, increase the number of civic action officers "in country," and obtain more resources for the program.
These refinements provided a better understanding of civic action and showed the benefits of increased South Vietnamese participation. By the end of 1. 96. Vietnam. The results of the various changes in the civic action program are discussed and assessed. AIRPOWER AND THE AIRLIFT EVACUATION OF KHAM DUCThis narrative describes the evacuation of more than 1,4.
American soldiers, Marines, and airmen, and Vietnamese men, women, and children from the Kham Duc Special Forces camp in southern I Corps on 1. May 1. 96. 8. It treats the geographical and topographical setting, the threat to the camp posed by two regiments of the North Vietnamese Army, and the danger to the camp and its inhabitants from the communist seizure of all the high ground around the camp. The monograph devotes individual chapters to the US Army and Marine helicopter rescue efforts, tactical air support, and tactical airlift. The final chapter deals with the attempts to rescue the last three men at Kham Duc.
American aircraft losses were severe during the evacuation, and the successful outcome of the mass rescue depended upon the skill and courage of American aircrews. The author, Lieutenant Colonel Alan L.
Gropman, concludes that had command and control been better, losses probably would have been less severe. This volume has value for both the general reader and the aviation specialist. For the latter there are lessons regarding command and control and combined- unit operations that need to be learned to achieve battlefield success. For the former there is a straightforward narrative about American aviators of all four services struggling in the most difficult of conditions to try to rescue more than 1,5.
American and Vietnamese military and civilians. Not all the Americans moving through the events recounted in this monograph acted heroically, but most did, and it was their heroism that gave the evacuation the success it had.
Airpower and the Airlift Evacuation of Kham Duc is fully documented so that readers wishing to look deeper into this incident may do so. Those who study the battle will see that it was something of a microcosm of the entire Vietnam War in the relationship of airpower to tactical ground efforts. Kham Duc sat at the bottom of a small green mountain bowl, and during most of 1. May 1. 96. 8 the sky was full of helicopters, forward air controller aircraft, transports, and fighters, all striving to succeed and to avoid running into each other in what were most trying circumstances. In the end they carried the day, though by the narrowest of margins and with heavy losses.
The author of this monograph, Lieutenant Colonel Alan L.